Women aged 50 to 60 years may be 3.5 times (350%) more likely to develop hand osteoarthritis than men in the same age group.
Evidence suggests that women’s susceptibility to osteoarthritis may be related to hormone levels. Hormone levels fluctuate with menstruation cycles and change during menopause.
Increased hormone levels during certain stages of the menstrual cycle may increase joint laxity, which is associated with joint instability and injury. Both joint instability and injury can contribute to the development of osteoarthritis.
Therefore, when hormones decrease during stages of menopause, joint stability decrease as cartilage, mobility and flexibility of joints decreases.